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Skin Diseases’ Treatment – Topical Use of Ointments and Creams

Skin Diseases' Treatment - Topical Use of Ointments and CreamsTreatment of skin diseases is carried out according to the general principles used in other branches of clinical medicine. It, as a rule, should be complex and is carried out depending on the clinical picture, etiology and pathogenesis of the disease.

Medical workers use general and external treatment, diet therapy, physiotherapy and spa methods. The general treatment of dermatological diseases includes almost the entire arsenal of drugs and methods used in clinical medicine.

Only topical therapy occupies a special place in the treatment of skin diseases, which is explained by the availability of pathological processes developing in the skin to the direct effect of drugs.

However, keep in mind that external drug treatment used to treat skin diseases is not exclusively local, since it also has a general (sometimes very significant) effect on the patient’s body. In addition, it is necessary to identify and treat concomitant pathology from the internal organs, which can worsen the course of dermatoses, and in some cases be their cause.

The success of topical therapy depends on:

  • the correct accounting of the developed dermatosis nature (acute, subacute, chronic);
  • the stage of the process (progressive, stationary, regressing);
  • the depth and localization of the lesions;
  • the pharmacological properties of the prescribed medication;
  • indications and contraindications for its use;
  • the concentration and dosage form of the external funds.

The most demonstrative example is eczema, in which external therapy depends on the form of eczema, its stage, localization and other factors. Strict individualization of external treatment and constant monitoring of the patient are necessary, since it is often necessary to replace drugs (if they are intolerant or addicted to them) or change the dose.

The general rule for the use of topical agents from Canadian Pharmacy Mall: the more acute the inflammatory process, the more superficially the dosage form and the anti-inflammatory substances contained in it should act. So, lotions, powders, shaken mixtures act more superficially than pastes, and creams – more superficially than ointments, compresses, etc. The concentration of the drug included in the dosage form is also important. That is, the choice of dosage forms is determined not by the etiology of dermatosis, but by the severity of the inflammation, the localization of the lesion and its prevalence degree.

Patient’s first aid kit from Canadian Pharmacy Mall

Local therapies are subdivided into prescription and over-the-counter medications. There are a lot of the OTC on the market. Sometimes it is difficult for patients to navigate when choosing them. Meanwhile, in everyday life, various skin problems are often encountered, including micro-traumas of the skin – cuts, minor injuries, superficial burns, scratches and abrasions. Therefore, the presence of a remedy in every home first aid kit that can cope with most of these problems seems to be quite reasonable.

To accelerate the processes of regeneration and reduce inflammation in skin microtraumas, dry skin, burns, the balm has been widely used. Such drugs have an analgesic, regenerating, antiseptic effect.

They promote the rapid resorption of wounds, accelerate the healing processes of injuries due to the regulation of the regenerative process.

They may contain:

  • corn oils;
  • sea buckthorn oils;
  • eucalyptus and lavender essential oils;
  • vitamin E;
  • vitamin A;
  • auxiliary components.

The oils provide fast conductivity of active substances, due to which the speed of the regeneration process becomes higher, and the barrier functions of the skin increase.

Naftalan is one of the main components of such balms, has unique healing properties and has a healing effect on the human skin. Vitamins A and E are natural antioxidants, accelerate the processes of cell division, increase skin elasticity, prevent scarring, and protect the skin from adverse environmental factors.

In everyday practice, the skin care products are used in the following cases:

  • mechanical damage to the skin (abrasions, wounds, scratches, cuts);
  • burns caused by exposure to high temperatures or UV light;
  • frostbite and chapping;
  • hives, allergic skin irritations;
  • bruising, skin hematomas;
  • calluses, cracks;
  • excessive flaking, dry skin;
  • insect bites, nettle burns, etc.;
  • as a symptomatic and prophylactic agent for dry skin.

Category: General

Tags: Skin Care, skin disease, vitamins